Global Governance and the Certification Revolution: Types, Trends and Challenges

Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper No. 53

23 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2011

See all articles by Axel Marx

Axel Marx

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies

Date Written: November 19, 2010

Abstract

In the last two decades one can observe the emergence and development of private global governance regimes which regulate internationally manufactured and traded products. These private regulatory initiatives develop specific social and/or ecological standards. When products, organisations or production processes meet these standards they receive a certificate. This chapter outlines different types of private governance initiatives, analyses the major trends with regard to private governance and discusses the main challenges. The chapter stresses that there are many different types of initiative and argues that a typology framework should enable researchers to capture the dynamics in the field of private governance. For this purpose a governance matrix is developed in two dimensions, i.e. who sets the standards and how they are implemented. Secondly, this chapter identifies two major trends, namely a sharp increase in the use of certification systems and increasing recognition from (international) public authorities and policymakers. Finally, the chapter discusses four main challenges with which these systems are confronted, with a specific focus on scale and scope, legitimacy, coordination and cooperation and equity.

Suggested Citation

Marx, Axel, Global Governance and the Certification Revolution: Types, Trends and Challenges (November 19, 2010). Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper No. 53, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1764563 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1764563

Axel Marx (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies ( email )

Van Evenstraat 2B
Charles Deberiotstraat 34
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

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