Emigration and Democracy

49 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2011

See all articles by Frédéric Docquier

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Elisabetta Lodigiani

Ca Foscari University of Venice; University of Milan; University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA)

Hillel Rapoport

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics; Stanford University

Maurice Schiff

Fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 1, 2011

Abstract

Migration is an important and yet neglected determinant of institutions. The paper documents the channels through which emigration affects home country institutions and considers dynamic-panel regressions for a large sample of developing countries. We find that emigration and human capital both increase democracy and economic freedom. This implies that unskilled (skilled) emigration has a positive (ambiguous) impact on institutional quality. Simulations show an impact of skilled emigration that is generally positive, significant for a few countries in the short run and for many countries in the long run once incentive effects of emigration on human capital formation are accounted for.

Keywords: migration, institutions, democracy, diaspora effects, brain drain

JEL Classification: O1, F22

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Lodigiani, Elisabetta and Rapoport, Hillel and Schiff, Maurice W., Emigration and Democracy (February 1, 2011). IZA Discussion Paper No. 5496. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1765662

Frédéric Docquier (Contact Author)

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Elisabetta Lodigiani

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

University of Milan ( email )

Via Festa del Perdono, 7
Milan, 20122
Italy

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA)

Via P. Amedeo 34
Milano, Mi 20122
Italy

Hillel Rapoport

Bar-Ilan University - Department of Economics ( email )

Ramat-Gan, 52900
Israel
+972 3 535 3180 (Fax)

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Maurice W. Schiff

Fellow, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

Bonn
Germany

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