Gender Preferences for Redistributive Policies: Evidence from State Eitcs

Posted: 22 Feb 2011 Last revised: 5 May 2011

See all articles by Andrea Mayo

Andrea Mayo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chris M. Herbst

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs

Abstract

Public policy evaluation often assumes that policy outcomes are random and unrelated to underlying political conditions in the state. Political science theory, however, provides reasons to believe that the socio-demographic characteristics of legislators and other political leaders may influence policy choices. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is framed as a popular and bipartisan redistributive policy at the national level. Little research has been conducted on state-level EITCs, despite their adoption by approximately half of U.S. states. This paper uses a unique panel dataset spanning 32 years and 49 states to determine the relationship between female representation in state legislatures and the governorship and the generosity of state EITCs. A state and year fixed-effects model was estimated. Our preliminary results imply a complicated story across gender and party lines. Although female governors are associated with less generous EITCs, greater female representation in the state legislature appears to increase generosity. Interestingly, female Democratic governors are no more likely to increase the EITC’s generosity than their male Republican counterparts. Together, our results indicate that the policy’s bipartisan support at the federal level exists at the state-level as well.

Suggested Citation

Mayo, Andrea and Herbst, Chris M., Gender Preferences for Redistributive Policies: Evidence from State Eitcs. Western Political Science Association 2011 Annual Meeting Paper , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1767300

Andrea Mayo (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Chris M. Herbst

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs ( email )

Box 870603
Tempe, AZ 85287
United States

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