Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
15 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2011
Date Written: February 23, 2011
We are the first to examine the effect of Superfund cleanups on infant health rather than focusing on proximity to a site. We study singleton births to mothers residing within 5km of a Superfund site between 1989 and 2003 in five large states. Our “difference in differences” approach compares birth outcomes before and after a site clean-up for mothers who live within 2,000 meters of the site and those who live between 2,000-5,000 meters of a site. We find that proximity to a Superfund site before cleanup is associated with a 20 to 25% increase in the risk of congenital anomalies.
Keywords: Superfund Clean-Ups, Hazardous Waste Sites, Infant Health, Environmental Health Risks
JEL Classification: H4, Q5, I1
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