Support for Diplomacy: Peacemaking and Militarism as a Unidimensional Correlate of Social, Environmental, and Political Attitudes

Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 16, pp. 29-57, 2010

15 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2011

See all articles by Kenneth Vail

Kenneth Vail

University of Missouri at Columbia

Matt Motyl

University of Illinois at Chicago; University of Illinois at Chicago

Date Written: March 1, 2011

Abstract

The Support for Diplomacy Scale (SDS) was developed to establish the unidimensional nature of peacemaking and militaristic attitudes. Across 5 studies, all 12 SDS items loaded onto a single factor, with peaceful diplomacy at one pole and militarism at the other. The SDS was associated with authoritarianism (Studies 1-4) and dogmatism (Study 4), as well as measures of religious fundamentalism, immigration attitudes, universalism, and environmentalism (Study 2). In Study 3, the SDS mediated the relation between just peacemaking and measures of (a) voting intentions prior to the 2008 Presidential election, (b) militarism, and (c) resistance to moral disengagement from war. The SDS also predicted voting behavior in the 2008 Presidential election (Study 4) and mediated the relation between political orientation and foreign policy attitudes toward Iran (Study 5).

Keywords: diplomacy, peacemaking, war, politics, elections, voting intentions, voting behavior, attitudes, psychometrics, support for diplomacy, extremism

Suggested Citation

Vail, Kenneth and Motyl, Matt, Support for Diplomacy: Peacemaking and Militarism as a Unidimensional Correlate of Social, Environmental, and Political Attitudes (March 1, 2011). Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 16, pp. 29-57, 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1774145

Kenneth Vail

University of Missouri at Columbia ( email )

MO
United States

Matt Motyl (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1007 W. Harrison St. (m/c 285)
Psychology Department
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

HOME PAGE: http://motyl.people.uic.edu

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1102 Behavioral Science Building (BSB)
Chicago, IL 60607-7137
United States

HOME PAGE: http://motyl.people.uic.edu

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