The Development of Egalitarianism, Altruism, Spite and Parochialism in Childhood and Adolescence

38 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2011

See all articles by Ernst Fehr

Ernst Fehr

University of Zurich - Department of Economics

Daniela Rützler

University of Innsbruck

Matthias Sutter

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods; University of Cologne - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 28, 2011

Abstract

We study how the distribution of other-regarding preferences develops with age. Based on a set of allocation choices, we can classify each of 717 subjects, aged 8 to 17 years, as either egalitarian, altruistic, or spiteful. Varying the allocation recipient as either an in-group or an out-group member, we can also study how parochialism develops with age. We find a strong decrease in spitefulness with increasing age. Egalitarianism becomes less frequent, and altruism much more prominent, with age. Women are more frequently classified as egalitarian than men, and less often as altruistic. Parochialism first becomes significant in the teenage years.

Keywords: other-regarding preferences, egalitarianism, altruism, spite, parochialism, experiments with children and adolescents

JEL Classification: C91, D03

Suggested Citation

Fehr, Ernst and Rützler, Daniela and Sutter, Matthias, The Development of Egalitarianism, Altruism, Spite and Parochialism in Childhood and Adolescence (February 28, 2011). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3361. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1775782

Ernst Fehr

University of Zurich - Department of Economics ( email )

Blümlisalpstrasse 10
Zuerich, 8006
Switzerland
+41 1 634 3709 (Phone)
+41 1 634 4907 (Fax)

Daniela Rützler

University of Innsbruck ( email )

Matthias Sutter (Contact Author)

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

University of Cologne - Department of Economics

Cologne, 50923
Germany

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