The Anticanon

Jamal Greene

Columbia University - Law School

October 29, 2011

Harvard Law Review, Forthcoming
Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 11-265

Argument from the “anticanon,” the set of cases whose central propositions all legitimate decisions must refute, has become a persistent but curious feature of American constitutional law. These cases, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Plessy v. Ferguson, Lochner v. New York, and Korematsu v. United States, are consistently cited in Supreme Court opinions, in constitutional law casebooks, and at confirmation hearings as prime examples of weak constitutional analysis. Upon reflection, however, anticanonical cases do not involve unusually bad reasoning, nor are they uniquely morally repugnant. Rather, these cases are held out as examples for reasons external to conventional constitutional argument. This Article substantiates that claim and explores those reasons. I argue that anticanonical cases achieve their status through historical happenstance, and that their status is reaffirmed as subsequent interpretive communities avail themselves of the rhetorical resource the anticanon represents. That use is enabled by at least three features of anticanonical cases: their incomplete theorization, their amenability to traditional forms of legal argumentation, and their resonance with constitutive ethical propositions that have achieved consensus. I argue that it is vital for law professors in particular to be conscious of the various ways in which the anticanon is used – for example, to dispel dissensus about or sanitize the Constitution – that we may better decide if and when that use is justified.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 97

Keywords: Anticanon, Dred Scott, Lochner, Plessy, Korematsu, Canon, Race, Originalism

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: March 7, 2011 ; Last revised: November 10, 2011

Suggested Citation

Greene, Jamal, The Anticanon (October 29, 2011). Harvard Law Review, Forthcoming; Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 11-265. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1776488

Contact Information

Jamal Greene (Contact Author)
Columbia University - Law School ( email )
435 West 116th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 5,340
Downloads: 1,008
Download Rank: 16,025