The Determinants of Anti-trafficking Policies – Evidence from a New Index

37 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2011 Last revised: 13 Jun 2012

See all articles by Seo-Young Cho

Seo-Young Cho

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: June 2012

Abstract

We develop a new index measuring governments’ anti-trafficking policies for up to 180 countries over the 2000-2010 period. We assess a country’s level of compliance in the three main dimensions of anti-trafficking policies – prosecution, protection and prevention. The results show that compliance with prosecution policy is highest, while governmental efforts to protect victims of human trafficking remain weakest. Overall, developed countries perform better than the rest of the world. We employ the new indices to investigate what determines anti-trafficking policies. We find that compliance with anti-trafficking policies significantly decreases with corruption and is higher in countries that also respect the rights of women. We also find some tentative evidence for spatial dependence in anti-trafficking policies.

Keywords: human trafficking, human rights, compliance, anti-trafficking policies

JEL Classification: O15, F22, P41

Suggested Citation

Cho, Seo-Young and Dreher, Axel and Neumayer, Eric, The Determinants of Anti-trafficking Policies – Evidence from a New Index (June 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1776842 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1776842

Seo-Young Cho (Contact Author)

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics ( email )

Barfuessertor 2
Marburg, Hessen 35037
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.economics-human-trafficking.org/

Axel Dreher

Heidelberg University ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.axel-dreher.de

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

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