Revisiting Night Lights as Proxy for Economic Growth: A Multi-Year Light Based Growth Indicator (LBGI) for China, India and the U.S.

21 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2011 Last revised: 12 Apr 2011

See all articles by Rajendra Kulkarni

Rajendra Kulkarni

Schar School of Policy & Government

Kingsley E. Haynes

Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University

Roger R. Stough

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs

James D. Riggle

George Mason University - School of Public Policy

Date Written: March 4, 2011

Abstract

In this paper we explore how satellite images of global night lights from the years 2001 to 2007 can be used to estimate economic activity at the sub-regional level in the U.S., India and China. The night lights based estimates of economic activity are then spatially analyzed and compared with sub-regional economic indicators where available for selected years. For this purpose we have extended the standard bi-variate LISA (Local Indicators of Spatial Autocorrelation) to include bi-directional analysis. This bi-directional bi-variate analysis helps to identify those jurisdictions where night lights intensity can be used as a proxy for measuring sub-regional economic growth. We also briefly discuss two theoretical models that shed light on the geospatial patterns reflected by the night light data. The results are presented with a series of maps, charts and tables.

Keywords: Economic Growth, Satellite Data, Night Lights, LBGI (Light Based Growth Indicator), India GDP, China GDP, USA

JEL Classification: R11, R12, C2, O18, O57

Suggested Citation

Kulkarni, Rajendra and Haynes, Kingsley E. and Stough, Roger R. and Riggle, James D., Revisiting Night Lights as Proxy for Economic Growth: A Multi-Year Light Based Growth Indicator (LBGI) for China, India and the U.S. (March 4, 2011). GMU School of Public Policy Research Paper No. 2011-12, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1777546 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1777546

Rajendra Kulkarni (Contact Author)

Schar School of Policy & Government ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Kingsley E. Haynes

Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Roger R. Stough

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States
703-993-2268 (Phone)
703-993-5027 (Fax)

James D. Riggle

George Mason University - School of Public Policy ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

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