Age at Migration, Language and Fertility Patterns Among Migrants to Canada
44 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2011
This paper explores the fertility decisions of Canadian immigrants using the 20 percent sample of the Canadian Census of Population for the years 1991 through 2006. We focus on those migrating as children, to assess their process of assimilation in terms of fertility. Our analysis does not show any sharp discontinuity by age at migration as sometimes observed on education or labor market outcomes are not present in fertility outcomes. Rather, there is an inverted U shape relationship between age of migration and immigrant fertility, with those migrating in their late teens having the highest fertility rates when compared to natives. This pattern occurs for all countries of origin, although at different paces. Further, language acquisition does not seem to be a key mechanism though which age at immigration affects fertility - fertility behaviour of immigrants with an official mother tongue also differs from that of natives. School integration, however, could be a channel through which age at immigration affects fertility. College graduates arriving to Canada anytime before adulthood behave as their native peers.
Keywords: fertility, migration, age at migration, language
JEL Classification: J13, J15, J61
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