Parking Policy in Asian Cities
104 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2011
Date Written: November 2010
This report provides an international comparative perspective on parking policy in Asian cities, while highlighting the nature of the policy choices available. It addresses the lack of accessible international literature on parking in Asia.
Parking in much of urban Asia is already a source of conflict and inefficiency. It requires urgent action to address its own acute problems. Parking policy choices also have significant wider consequences. There are sharp contrasts among the available approaches and their implications for motorization trends, traffic growth, transport equity, urban development patterns, public space, and emissions of local air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Parking policy may be more pivotal than has usually been recognized. It presents dangers for its potential role in entrenching unsustainable pathways of development. Conversely, wise parking policy might offer tools to address these growing problems.
The study emphasizes that the alternatives in parking policy go deeper than selecting from among a list of best practices. Every city faces choices between fundamentally different approaches to parking policy, each with strongly contrasting assumptions (Chapter 2). The nature of these choices is often misunderstood and many parking policy debates are confounded by hidden assumptions.
This report should help readers to clarify their own understanding of parking and of the relevant policy options. It is important to realize that the alternatives are richer than just the stark choice between a supply-boosting predict-and-provide approach and a supply-constraining approach. Focusing only on these two extremes is to ignore several important approaches.
Keywords: Parking, parking policy, motorization trends, traffic growth, transport equity, urban development patterns,
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