53 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2011 Last revised: 1 Aug 2011
Date Written: July 29, 2011
Using state-level variation in the timing of political reforms, we find that an increase in female representation in local government induces a large and significant rise in documented crimes against women in India. Our evidence suggests that this increase is good news, driven primarily by greater reporting rather than greater incidence of such crimes. In contrast, we find no increase in crimes against men or gender-neutral crimes. We also examine the effectiveness of alternative forms of political representation: large scale membership of women in local councils affects crime against them more than their presence in higher level leadership positions.
Keywords: crime, women’s empowerment, minority representation, voice
JEL Classification: J12, J15, J16, P16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Iyer, Lakshmi and Mani, Anandi and Mishra, Prachi and Topalova, Petia B., The Power of Political Voice: Women’s Political Representation and Crime in India (July 29, 2011). Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 11-092. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1780248 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1780248