Impact of School Quality on Child Labor and School Attendance: The Case of CONAFE Compensatory Education Program in Mexico

Understanding Chldren's Work Programme Working Paper, February 2007

23 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2011 Last revised: 12 May 2014

See all articles by Mariacristina Rossi

Mariacristina Rossi

University of Turin, Esomas

Furio C. Rosati

United Nations - UCW Program; University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Date Written: February 2007

Abstract

This paper focuses on the impact that two different types of policy interventions, namely enhancing school quality and contingent cash transfers , have on child labour and school attendance in Mexico. While there are many studies on the impact of Oportunidades on schooling outcomes, little evidence is available on whether school quality programs such as CONAFE also reduce child labour and help keep children in school. To carry out the analysis, we merge the Oportunidades panel dataset for the years 1997 to 2000 to the CONAFE dataset containing detailed information on the school quality program components. The econometric strategy involves a bivariate probit model for child labor and schooling, both for primary school aged children and adolescents. In this way, we are able to control whether the impact of the program on schooling differs according to the age of the targeted child. Our findings suggest that school quality programs are not only effective in increasing school attendance, but also act as deterrents to child labor, especially for children of secondary school age.

Keywords: child labour, impact assessment, education, school attendance, Mexico

JEL Classification: J13, I21, I38, N36, J20

Suggested Citation

Rossi, Mariacristina and Rosati, Furio C., Impact of School Quality on Child Labor and School Attendance: The Case of CONAFE Compensatory Education Program in Mexico (February 2007). Understanding Chldren's Work Programme Working Paper, February 2007. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1780249 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1780249

Mariacristina Rossi (Contact Author)

University of Turin, Esomas ( email )

Corso Unione Sovietica
Torino, Torino 10100
Italy

Furio C. Rosati

United Nations - UCW Program ( email )

ILO Office for Italy and San Marino
Via Panisperna 28
I-00186 Rome
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucw-project.org

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy
6 2020 500 (Fax)

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