Estimating the Effect of Fertility Decisions on Child Labor and Schooling

Understanding Children's Work Programme Working Paper

25 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2011

See all articles by Partha Deb

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics

Furio C. Rosati

United Nations - UCW Program; University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Date Written: February 2004

Abstract

We use an econometric model of fertility and children’s activities to examine the causal effects of fertility on a child’s activities taking the endogeneity of fertility into account. Our specification is nonlinear and simultaneous and uses latent factors to allow for unobserved influences on fertility to affect a child’s activities. We apply maximum simulated likelihood (MSL) techniques to estimate the parameters of our models. We find that the effect of fertility has a large downward bias in naive models. The effect of fertility on the probability of attending school is twice as large once its endogeneity is taken into account. The effect of fertility on the probability of work changes sign and becomes statistically significant.

Keywords: child labour, fertility, education

JEL Classification: J13, I20, D10, J20

Suggested Citation

Deb, Partha and Rosati, Furio C., Estimating the Effect of Fertility Decisions on Child Labor and Schooling (February 2004). Understanding Children's Work Programme Working Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1780272 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1780272

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics ( email )

695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021
United States

Furio C. Rosati (Contact Author)

United Nations - UCW Program ( email )

ILO Office for Italy and San Marino
Via Panisperna 28
I-00186 Rome
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucw-project.org

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
Rome, rome 00100
Italy
6 2020 500 (Fax)

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