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Taxes and Capital Structure

42 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2011 Last revised: 27 Oct 2015

Mara Faccio

Purdue University - Krannert School of Management; University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); National University of Singapore (NUS) - Asian Bureau of Finance and Economic Research (ABFER)

Jin Xu

Virginia Tech - Pamplin College of Business

Date Written: May 30, 2013

Abstract

We use nearly 500 shifts in statutory corporate and personal income tax rates as natural experiments to assess the effect of corporate and personal taxes on capital structure. We find both corporate and personal income taxes to be significant determinants of capital structure. Based on ex-post observed summary statistics, across OECD countries, taxes appear to be as important as other traditional variables in explaining capital structure choices. The results are stronger among corporate tax payers, dividend payers, and companies that are more likely to have an individual as the marginal investor.

Keywords: Taxes, Capital structure choices

JEL Classification: G3, G32, F3

Suggested Citation

Faccio, Mara and Xu, Jin, Taxes and Capital Structure (May 30, 2013). Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (JFQA), 50(3), June 2015, pages 277-300. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1781158 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1781158

Mara Faccio (Contact Author)

Purdue University - Krannert School of Management ( email )

1310 Krannert Building
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1310
United States

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.ecgi.org

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Asian Bureau of Finance and Economic Research (ABFER) ( email )

BIZ 2 Storey 4, 04-05
1 Business Link
Singapore, 117592
Singapore

Jin Xu

Virginia Tech - Pamplin College of Business ( email )

Department of Finance
880 West Campus Dr
Blacksburg, VA 24061
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.finance.pamplin.vt.edu/jin-xu/

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