Race to the Bottom or Race to Brussels? Environmental Competition in Europe

25 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2011

See all articles by Katharina Holzinger

Katharina Holzinger

University of Hamburg

Thomas Sommerer

Stockholm University, Department of Political Science

Date Written: February 2, 2011

Abstract

The theory of regulatory competition in environmental policy predicts a race to the bottom of standards. This article tests the theory using environmental output data for 24 countries from 1970 to 2005. It finds a clear race to the top and a search for international harmonization when competition is imminent.

Suggested Citation

Holzinger, Katharina and Sommerer, Thomas, Race to the Bottom or Race to Brussels? Environmental Competition in Europe (February 2, 2011). JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 49, Issue 2, pp. 315-339, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1782447 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02135.x

Katharina Holzinger (Contact Author)

University of Hamburg ( email )

Von-Melle-Park 5
20146 Hamburg
Germany

Thomas Sommerer

Stockholm University, Department of Political Science ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10F
Stockholm, SE-106 91
Sweden

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