Effects of Age at School Entry (ASE) on the Development of Non-Cognitive Skills: Evidence from Psychometric Data

26 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2011

See all articles by Andrea Mühlenweg

Andrea Mühlenweg

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Dorothea Blomeyer

ZI Mannheim

Manfred Laucht

ZI Mannheim; University of Potsdam

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

We identify effects of age at school entry (ASE) on the development of child temperament. Our analysis is based on psychometric measures from a longitudinal cohort study of children in the Rhine-Neckar region in central Germany. In children with a higher ASE due to a birthday late in the year, we find more favorable outcomes with respect to several temperamental dimensions: These children are more persistent and less often hyperactive. The findings are robust if we control for the respective temperamental dimension before entering school. We also show that the ASE effect on persistence is stable over time by comparing the children at age eight and age eleven, after the children have entered Germany’s segregated secondary-school tracks. At age eleven, we additionally find significant ASE effects on adaptability to change. Overall, the results point to a high degree of malleability in the considered non-cognitive skills after school entrance.

Keywords: education, identification, instrumental variables, age at school entry (ASE)

JEL Classification: I21, I28, J24

Suggested Citation

Mühlenweg, Andrea and Blomeyer, Dorothea and Laucht, Manfred, Effects of Age at School Entry (ASE) on the Development of Non-Cognitive Skills: Evidence from Psychometric Data (2011). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 11-017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1783568 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1783568

Andrea Mühlenweg (Contact Author)

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

L 7,1
Mannheim, 68161
Germany

Dorothea Blomeyer

ZI Mannheim ( email )

Postfach 12 21 20
68072 Mannheim
Germany

Manfred Laucht

ZI Mannheim ( email )

Postfach 12 21 20
68072 Mannheim
Germany

University of Potsdam

August-Bebel Strasse 89
Potsdam, 14482
Germany

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