Rational Treaties: Article II, Congressional-Executive Agreements, and International Bargaining
36 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2011
This paper examines the continuing difference between the Constitution’s Article II treaty, and the congressional-executive agreement’s statutory process, to make international agreements. Rather than approach the problem from a textual or historical perspective, it employs a rational choice model of dispute resolution between nation-states in conditions of weak to little enforcement by supranational institutions. It argues that the choice of a treaty or congressional-executive agreement can make an important difference in overcoming various difficulties in bargaining that arise from imperfect information and commitment problems.
Keywords: treaties, international agreements, bargaining, President, Senate, foreign relations
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