Social Housing and Location Choices of Immigrants in France

41 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2011

See all articles by Denis Fougère

Denis Fougère

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Francis Kramarz

Independent

Roland Rathelot

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Mirna Safi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Our study examines the empirical links between social housing policy and location choices of immigrants in France. More specifically, we characterize the main individual and contextual determinants of the probability for immigrants to live in a HLM (habitations à loyer modéré, dwelling with a moderate rent), which is the main public housing policy in France. For that purpose, we use individual information coming from large (one-fourth) extracts of the French population censuses conducted by INSEE (Paris) in 1982, 1990, and 1999. Our estimates show that, in general, migrants live more frequently in social housing than French natives, other observables being equal. In particular, this probability is higher for migrants from Turkey, Morocco, Southeast Asia, Algeria, Tunisia and Sub-Saharan Africa (in descending order). We find also that migrants of all origins live less often in a HLM when the city has plenty of social housing and when the fraction of natives is high.

Keywords: social magnets, migration, social housing

JEL Classification: J61, I38, R38

Suggested Citation

Fougere, Denis and Kramarz, Francis and Rathelot, Roland and Safi, Mirna, Social Housing and Location Choices of Immigrants in France. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5557, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1790668

Denis Fougere (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE) ( email )

15, Boulevard Adolphie PINARD
92245 Malakoff Cedex
France
+33 1 4117 7713 (Phone)
+33 1 4117 7634 (Fax)

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

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Paris cedex 16, 75794
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Francis Kramarz

Independent

Roland Rathelot

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Mirna Safi

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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