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The Protection of Civilians in War: Non-Combatant Immunity in Islamic Law

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XXXIV, No. 4, pp. 7-39, October-December 2011

38 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2011 Last revised: 24 Dec 2014

Muhammad Munir

International Islamic University; VP (AF&P)

Date Written: March 27, 2011

Abstract

Islamic law makes a distinction between combatants (those who fight) and non-combatants (those who do not fight) and allows fighting with the former and protection to the latter. The Prophet (PBUH) and his four successors have been issuing instructions to their armies against the killing of civilians. Modern Orientalists rely on Khudduri who has relied on Tabari and who in turn has relied on Waqidi to present a very distorted version of Islamic jus in bello. The work critically evaluates Tabari’s methodology.

Suggested Citation

Munir, Muhammad, The Protection of Civilians in War: Non-Combatant Immunity in Islamic Law (March 27, 2011). Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XXXIV, No. 4, pp. 7-39, October-December 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1797045 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1797045

Muhammad Munir (Contact Author)

International Islamic University ( email )

H-10
Director General Shari'ah Academy
Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44,000
Pakistan
0092-51-9260241 (Phone)
0092-51-9258021 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.iiu.edu.pk

VP (AF&P) ( email )

New Campus, Hazrat Umer Block, H-10 Sector
Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44,000
Pakistan
+92-51-9258060 (Phone)
+92-51-9019204 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.iiu.edu.pk

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