Reapportionment and Redistribution: Consequences of Electoral Reform in Japan

American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 669-682, October 2003

Posted: 4 Apr 2011 Last revised: 28 Sep 2011

See all articles by Yusaku Horiuchi

Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth College - Department of Government

Jun Saito

Yale University

Date Written: 2003

Abstract

Does reapportionment in a legislature affect policy outcomes? We examine this question from a comparative perspective by focusing on reapportionment associated with the electoral reform in Japan. First, we show that the reform of 1994 resulted in an unprecedented degree of equalization in legislative representation. Second, using municipal-level data, we present evidence that municipalities in overrepresented districts received significantly more subsidies per capita, as compared to those in underrepresented districts, in both prereform and postreform years. Third, by examining the relationship between the change in the number of seats per capita and the change in the amount of subsidies per capita at the municipal level, we show that the equalization in voting strength resulted in an equalization of total transfers per person.

Keywords: reapportionment, redistrictiing, intergovernmental transfers, electoral reform, Japan

JEL Classification: D72, H72, H77

Suggested Citation

Horiuchi, Yusaku and Saito, Jun, Reapportionment and Redistribution: Consequences of Electoral Reform in Japan (2003). American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 669-682, October 2003. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1799669

Yusaku Horiuchi (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Government ( email )

204 Silsby Hall
HB 6108
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.dartmouth.edu/horiuchi/

Jun Saito

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

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