Stock Returns and the Miller-Modigliani Valuation Formula: Revisiting the Fama-French Analysis
24 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2011 Last revised: 27 Jun 2012
Date Written: June 19, 2012
Abstract Fama and French (2006) use the dividend discount model to develop the joint role of three variables – expected profitability, expected investment and current BM – in predicting future stock returns. One reported empirical result is anomalous. The valuation model establishes that the comparative static relation between returns and expected investment is negative, yet it appears to be positive and insignificant. We show that the posited valuation relations between expected returns and the three variables apply at the firm level, and not at the per-share level at which they were tested. Once the variables are measured at the firm level, all the Fama-French predictions are validated.
Keywords: Book to market, profitability, investment, expected return
JEL Classification: G12 G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation