'I Know What I'm Doing': The Impact of Gender Stereotypes about Expertise on Task Assignments in Groups
Managing Groups and Teams, Vol. 7, pp. 121-141, 2005
22 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2011
Date Written: 2005
This chapter investigates the effects of gender stereotypes on task assignments and expectations about expertise. We present a theoretical model that predicts and explains the pervasive and self-reinforcing effects of gender-based stereotypes on expected knowledge and task assignments in groups. In the model, stereotypes inﬂuence expertise recognition, which influences tasks assignments. Task assignments provide group members with task experience and expertise. Expertise inﬂuences expertise recognition, making the model cyclical. Expertise gained from task experience also affects stereotypes, creating a cycle that reinforces stereotypes. We describe ﬁndings from a program of research designed to examine ways of breaking this self-reinforcing cycle, which investigates the effectiveness of various types of expertise claims, by people with expertise, that is inconsistent with stereotypical expectations. We consider the implications of our theory and data for effects of status on evaluation of expertise claims in work groups.
JEL Classification: D70
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation