The Causes of War in Islam: Infidelity or the Defence of Faith?

83 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2011

See all articles by Muhammad Munir

Muhammad Munir

International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

Date Written: April 3, 2011


This work argues that the cause(s) of war in Islam is never the elimination or subjugation of infidelity or the bringing of the whole world under the supremacy of Islam; rather it is to defend Islam and Muslims from external attacks. This work shows that the evolutionary theory of warfare in Islam cannot be sustained and must be rejected. Thirdly, it demonstrates that the global jihadhists have declared a war of “absolute destruction” which is totally contrary to Islam. Fourthly, it is argued that the Qur’anic verses on qital (fighting) have mostly been read out of context, misunderstood and misinterpreted. Fifthly, this work attempts to refute the perpetual war theory and asserts that hostile relations between the Muslims and non-Muslim communities are exception to the normal relations that are peace. Sixthly, the theory of the division of the world into two domains - Dar al-Harb and Dar al-Islam - must be understood in the context for which it was devised by the fuqaha (Muslim jurists). Seventhly, this work finds inconsistencies and self-contradictions in the jihad theory explained in some classical treatises of Islamic law. Finally, this work evaluates the jihadi theories of four prominent Pakistani scholars.

Keywords: jihad, causes of war in Islam, relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, jihadis in Pakistan, jihadi literature in Pakistan

Suggested Citation

Munir, Muhammad, The Causes of War in Islam: Infidelity or the Defence of Faith? (April 3, 2011). Available at SSRN: or

Muhammad Munir (Contact Author)

International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law ( email )

Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44,000
3335124423 (Phone)
0092-51-9258021 (Fax)


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