Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion – A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries

65 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2011  

Isabel Ortiz

United Nations - International Labour Organization (ILO); Initiative for Policy Dialogue

Matthew Cummins

UNICEF

Date Written: April 6, 2011

Abstract

This working paper: (i) provides an overview of global, regional and national income inequalities based on the latest distribution data from the World Bank, UNU-WIDER and Eurostat; (ii) discusses the negative implications of rising income inequality for development; (iii) calls for placing equity at the center of development in the context of the United Nations development agenda; (iv) describes the likelihood of inequalities being exacerbated during the global economic crisis; (v) advocates for urgent policy changes at national and international levels to ensure a “Recovery for All”; and, (vi) to serve as a general reference source, Annex 2 provides a summary of the most up-to-date income distribution and inequality data for 141 countries.

Keywords: income inequality, income distribution, quintiles, equity, crisis recovery, development policy

JEL Classification: D6, D63, D3, D31, O1, O2

Suggested Citation

Ortiz, Isabel and Cummins, Matthew, Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion – A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries (April 6, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1805046 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1805046

Isabel Ortiz (Contact Author)

United Nations - International Labour Organization (ILO) ( email )

ILO HQ, Route des Morillons 4
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland
+41227996226 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org/

Initiative for Policy Dialogue ( email )

Columbia University
New York, NY
United States

HOME PAGE: http://policydialogue.org/programs/taskforces/global_social_justice/

Matthew Cummins

UNICEF ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
New York, NY
United States

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