Taxation, R&D Tax Incentives and Patent Application in Europe
39 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2011
Date Written: April 1, 2011
The focus of this paper is on effects from tax incentives for research and development inputs (R&D) and corporate income tax on business R&D and patenting behaviour. First, we provide a theoretical discussion of tax planning with R&D and intellectual property (IP) ownership. Further, we employ firm-specific micro-data on patent applications of European corporations at the European Patent Office to test reactions on changes in R&D tax incentives and corporate tax burden. We find a positive impact of R&D tax incentives and a negative impact of the statutory corporate income tax rate on patenting. R&D incentives rather influence the tendency to invest in R&D, whereas the tax burden rather influences the scale of R&D investment and the count of patent applications.
Keywords: Patent, R&D, Tax Incentives, Taxation, EU
JEL Classification: H25, H26, O30
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