Gender of Children, Bargaining Power, and Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in China

Posted: 10 Apr 2011

See all articles by Lixing Li

Lixing Li

Peking University - China Center for Economic Research (CCER)

Xiaoyu Wu

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE)

Date Written: April 9, 2011

Abstract

Based on the prevalent son preference in China, this paper proposes a new measure of relative bargaining power within the household. Using data from China Health and Nutrition Survey, we show that a woman with a first-born son has a 3.9 percentage points’ greater role in household decision-making than a woman with a first-born daughter. Having a first-born son improves the mother’s nutrition intakes and reduces her likelihood of being underweight. While thinking of these impacts as being channeled through intrahousehold bargaining power, we cannot fully rule out other possible direct effects of a first-born son on the outcomes.

Suggested Citation

Li, Lixing and Wu, Xiaoyu, Gender of Children, Bargaining Power, and Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in China (April 9, 2011). Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1806232

Lixing Li (Contact Author)

Peking University - China Center for Economic Research (CCER) ( email )

Beijing, 100871
China

Xiaoyu Wu

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE) ( email )

Beijing, Beijing
China

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