Ethnic Dimensions of Suburbanisation in Estonia

23 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2011

See all articles by Tiit Tammaru

Tiit Tammaru

University of Tartu

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Kadri Leetmaa

University of Tartu

Anneli Kährik

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Large scale suburbanisation is a relatively recent phenomenon in East Central Europe and responsible for major socio-spatial changes in metropolitan areas. Little is known about the ethnic dimensions of this process. However, large minority population groups, mainly ethnic Russians, remained into the former member states of the Soviet Union after its dissolution in 1991. We use individual level Estonia Census data in order to investigate the ethnic dimensions of suburbanisation. The results show that ethnic minorities have a considerably lower probability to suburbanise compared to the majority population, and minorities are less likely to move to rural municipalities – the main sites of suburban change – in the suburban ring of cities. Individual characteristics that measure strong ties with the majority population and host society exert a positive effect on ethnic minority suburbanization, and on settling in rural municipalities.

Keywords: suburbanisation, ethnicity, Census data, East Central Europe, Estonia

JEL Classification: J61, R21, R23

Suggested Citation

Tammaru, Tiit and van Ham, Maarten and Leetmaa, Kadri and Kährik, Anneli, Ethnic Dimensions of Suburbanisation in Estonia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5617, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1806418

Tiit Tammaru (Contact Author)

University of Tartu ( email )

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Kadri Leetmaa

University of Tartu

Anneli Kährik

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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