The Effects of 'Variduction', 'Coflict', and Congruence on Knowledge Creation

10 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2011

See all articles by Robert Edgell

Robert Edgell

SUNY Polytechnic Institute; University of St. Gallen; Columbia University - Columbia Business School

Date Written: February 1, 2005


The paper contributes to Knowledge-Based View theories by exploring those variables, from the domains of creativity and communication, which significantly influence the knowledge creation process. Through six propositions, firms are encouraged to assemble balanced heterogeneous knowledge creation teams by selecting actors that embody certain varied types of creative expertise and communication behaviors. An analysis of the relationships among key inputs, primarily team creativity profiles or "variduction" (i.e., ratio of variation-inducing to variation-reducing actors), explores uniqueness and usability outcomes that possible combinations might yield. Furthermore, the paper investigates the mediating effects of the latent construct, "coflict" (i.e., conflict and cooperation) and moderating effects of congruence between task and "network of enterprises." The conclusion reviews firm implications, managerial recommendations, and future research implications.

Keywords: Creativity, Conflict, Cooperation, Teams, Management

Suggested Citation

Edgell, Robert, The Effects of 'Variduction', 'Coflict', and Congruence on Knowledge Creation (February 1, 2005). Available at SSRN: or

Robert Edgell (Contact Author)

SUNY Polytechnic Institute ( email )

100 Seymour Road
Utica, NY NY 13502
United States

University of St. Gallen

Varnbuelstr. 14
Saint Gallen, St. Gallen CH-9000

Columbia University - Columbia Business School

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics