Testing the Fixed Effects Restrictions? A Monte Carlo Study of Chamberlain’s Minimum Chi-Squared Test
Center for Policy Research Working Paper No. 115
12 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2011
Date Written: March 1, 2009
Chamberlain (1982) showed that the fixed effects (FE) specification imposes testable restrictions on the coefficients from regressions of all leads and lags of dependent variables on all leads and lags of independent variables. Angrist and Newey (1991) suggested computing this test statistic as the degrees of freedom times the R2 from a regression of within residuals on all leads and lags of the exogenous variables. Despite the simplicity of these tests, they are not commonly used in practice. Instead, a Hausman (1978) test is used based on a contrast of the fixed and random effects specifications. We advocate the use of Chamberlain (1982) test if the researcher wants to settle on the FE specification and we check this test’s performance using Monte Carlo experiments and we apply it to the crime example of Cornwell and Trumbull (1994).
Keywords: Panel data, Fixed effects (FE), Random effects (RE), Chamberlain test, Minimum chi-squared (MCS), Angrist-Newey test
JEL Classification: C23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation