Imbalance of World Heritage List: Did the UNESCO Strategy Work?
University of Zurich
Bruno S. Frey
CREMA; University of Basel
March 1, 2011
University of Zurich, Economics Working Paper No. 14
The official intention of the UNESCO World Heritage List is to protect the global heritage. However, the imbalance of the distribution of Sites according to countries and continents is striking. Consequently, the World Heritage Committee launched the Global Strategy for a Balanced, Representative and Credible World Heritage List in 1994. To date, there have not been any empirical analyses conducted to study the impact of this strategy. This paper shows that the imbalance did not decrease and perhaps increased over time, thus reflecting the inability of the Global Strategy to achieve a more balanced distribution of Sites.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: UNESCO, international organizations, international political economy, global public goods, world heritage
JEL Classification: Z11, D6, F5, H87
Date posted: April 13, 2011