A Minimalist Approach to State 'Bankruptcy'

Steven L. Schwarcz

Duke University School of Law

December 12, 2011

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 322, December 2011

Increasingly finding themselves in financial straitjackets, states have been turning to austerity measures, tax increases, privatization of services, and renegotiation of collective bargaining agreements. Absent a federal government bailout, however, states will also need debt relief if their debt burden becomes so crushing that reasonable efforts at fiscal reform will fail to avoid default. Some advocate providing this relief by, effectively, extending municipal bankruptcy law to states. That approach brings in excess baggage, however, engendering political opposition and constitutional concerns. There is a simpler solution: Enable states to work out their debt problems with their creditors. Although the main obstacle to a consensual debt restructuring is likely to be the creditor-holdout problem, this Article proposes a minimalist legal framework incorporating certain limited bankruptcy protections that would not only help states solve that problem, but would also can help address the political and constitutional concerns. The proposed minimalist framework also would enable a state to obtain needed liquidity during the debt-restructuring process. Although the federal government could provide this liquidity, the proposed framework would enable the liquidity source to be privatized.

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Date posted: April 14, 2011 ; Last revised: December 28, 2014

Suggested Citation

Schwarcz, Steven L., A Minimalist Approach to State 'Bankruptcy' (December 12, 2011). UCLA Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 2, p. 322, December 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1807944

Contact Information

Steven L. Schwarcz (Contact Author)
Duke University School of Law ( email )
210 Science Drive
Box 90362
Durham, NC 27708
United States
919-613-7060 (Phone)
919-613-7231 (Fax)

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