Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, July (2014), 6(3): 103-32
34 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2011 Last revised: 24 Nov 2014
Date Written: August 13, 2013
How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.
Keywords: mass media, persuasion, voting, nationalism, conflict
JEL Classification: J0, D0, H0, D74
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation