The Factors Leading to the Electoral Success, Consolidation and Decline of the Moldovan Communists' Party During the Transition Period

Midwestern Political Science Association Convention, April 2010

48 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2011 Last revised: 22 Jun 2020

See all articles by Ion Marandici

Ion Marandici

Political Science Department, Rutgers University

Date Written: April 23, 2010

Abstract

The paper provides an explanation for the emergence, consolidation and decline of the Moldovan Communists’ Party. Drawing on the literature on successor parties and examining the Moldovan case, the author identifies the main factors that influenced the success of the Moldovan successor party. After tracing the adaptation strategy of the Moldovan successor party, he finds confirming evidence for five of the factors already mentioned in the theoretical literature on successor parties: the economic situation, the weakness of the opponents, the electoral laws, the fragmentation of the political spectrum and the legacy of the old regime. However, the author identified seven additional explanatory factors at work in the Moldovan case: the foreign support for certain political parties, separatism, the appeal to the ethnic minorities, the alliance-building capacity, the reliance on the Soviet notion of the Moldovan identity, the state-building process and the control over a significant portion of the media. It is due to these seven additional factors that the successor party in Moldova managed to consolidate and expand its constituency. Its decline is best explained by the authoritarian style of its leader and his unwillingness to step down. This paper aims at expanding the universe of cases on which the previous theories were constructed.

Keywords: moldova, communists, party, history, elections

Suggested Citation

Marandici, Ion, The Factors Leading to the Electoral Success, Consolidation and Decline of the Moldovan Communists' Party During the Transition Period (April 23, 2010). Midwestern Political Science Association Convention, April 2010 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1809029 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1809029

Ion Marandici (Contact Author)

Political Science Department, Rutgers University ( email )

89 George street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
United States

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