Re-Education Through Labour in Historical Perspective

Fu Hauling

The University of Hong Kong


University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 10722/44879
The China Quarterly, Vol. 184, No. , pp. 811-830, 2005

Re-education through labour (laodong jiaoyang or laojiao for short) is an administrative punishment imposed by the police. Since its inception in 1955, it has become a convenient instrument for the government to use to deal with any crisis. Its development has largely followed the ebb and flow of the CCP's political behaviour. Created as a comparatively mild suppression of counterrevolutionary activities, laojiao served as a useful instrument of punishment for dissenting intellectuals in 1958, though it was then nearly phased out during the radical years of the Cultural Revolution. Laojiao expanded quickly as a result of the CCP's anti-crime strategy after 1983, and has grown steadily ever since. It now serves multiple functions, including crime control, drug rehabilitation, investigative detention and political control. It enjoys different degrees of legitimacy and justification. Any substantive discussion on the future of laojiao has to be offence and offender specific.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 21

Keywords: Asian studies

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Date posted: April 18, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Hauling, Fu, Re-Education Through Labour in Historical Perspective (2005). The China Quarterly, Vol. 184, No. , pp. 811-830, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1809425

Contact Information

Fu Hauling (Contact Author)
The University of Hong Kong
Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong, Pokfulam HK
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