Measuring Institutions: Indicators of Political and Property Rights in Malawi

30 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2011

See all articles by Johannes W. Fedderke

Johannes W. Fedderke

Pennsylvania State University - School of International Affairs

Julia Garlick

University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business - Department of Economics; Yale University, Department of Economics - Students

Date Written: April 14, 2011

Abstract

This paper constructs a new set of institutional indicators for Malawi. We develop indicators of political rights, of freehold, traditional (communitarian) and intellectual property rights, based on the Malawian legislative framework. In exploring the association between our rights measures and a range of indicators of socio-economic development, we obtain limited support for a modernization process for Malawi. On the one hand, the association between the rights variables, can be interpreted as a modernization nexus, with a trade-off between legally anchored private property freehold rights and political rights on the one hand, and traditional forms of communal property rights on the other. By contrast, the association between rights and a range of socioeconomic development indicators gives a more nuanced picture. For social development measures property rights measures, exercise a positive impact, regardless of whether they take the form of freehold or communitarian property rights. Economic development measures respond positively only to the freehold measure, and negatively to communitarian property rights. The socioeconomic development measures are negatively associated with political rights in Malawi over the last forty years of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Institutions, Political freedom, Property rights, Malawi

JEL Classification: E02, K00, N4, O1

Suggested Citation

Fedderke, Johannes W. and Garlick, Julia, Measuring Institutions: Indicators of Political and Property Rights in Malawi (April 14, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1809887 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1809887

Johannes W. Fedderke (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University - School of International Affairs ( email )

Lewis Katz Building
University Park, PA 16802
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sia.psu.edu/faculty/johannes_fedderke

Julia Garlick

University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

108 Pappajohn Building
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States

Yale University, Department of Economics - Students ( email )

28 Hillhouse Ave
New Haven, CT 06520-8268
United States

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