Sovereign Credit Risk in the Euro Zone

World Economics, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2012

15 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2011 Last revised: 9 Jan 2012

Date Written: April 14, 2011


What is the current state of sovereign credit risk across Euro zone? Does the recent fiscal crisis extend to other (non Euro zone) countries? Is Greece the center of the problem? How did the current fiscal crisis in the Euro area start? Who is behind it? Why can it evolve? How can it be addressed? And, is a fiscally-challenged country likely to want to leave the Euro zone? This article addresses these questions, argues that a fiscally-weak country is better off in the Euro zone than outside it, and finds that a feasible policy tool can be a bailout associated with tough fiscal conditionality. It also shows that sovereign credit risk adjustment in the Euro zone can happen, using various measures, but not without "fiscal pain".

Keywords: Euro zone, quantitative easing, sovereign credit risk, sovereign debt, country credit rating, sterilization, contagion, sudden stop, fiscal policy, budget deficit, bailout, sovereign default

JEL Classification: E5, E6, F3, F4, G1, G2, H1, H3, H5, H6

Suggested Citation

Haidar, Jamal Ibrahim, Sovereign Credit Risk in the Euro Zone (April 14, 2011). World Economics, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2012, Available at SSRN: or

Jamal Ibrahim Haidar (Contact Author)

Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States


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