Forced Labour and Servitude of Guarani Men and Women United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
39 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2011 Last revised: 17 Nov 2013
Date Written: July 20, 2009
This report, undertaken under the mandate of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and at the request of the Government of Bolivia, concludes: (i) the existence of forced labour and servitude of Guaraní men and women; (ii) the existence of child labour and other violations of the rights of the child, such as sexual abuse of Guaraní girls; (iii) inadequate working conditions; (iv) restrictions on freedom of association and movement; (v) systematic violence against indigenous peoples; (vi) inability to obtain identification documents and consequent exclusion from state allowances, such as the Renta Digna pension for senior citizens or the Juancito Pinto school vouchers, as well as other obstacles to the exercise of citizenship, particularly the right to vote; (vii) discrimination, lack of access to justice and lack of impartiality of the judicial system and of regional public administration; (viii) lack of legal security in respect of land ownership, be it collective or individual plots; deprivation of territory, lands and resources; inequitable land ownership; (ix) little or no indigenous participation in decision-making bodies, especially at the departmental and municipal levels; and (x) food insecurity in Guaraní communities.
Keywords: Forced Labour, Human Rights, Indigenous Populations
JEL Classification: I30, J7, Z00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation