Rentier States and Geography in Mexico's Development

69 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2011

See all articles by Roberto Blum

Roberto Blum

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alberto Díaz Cayeros

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 2002

Abstract

This paper provides a long-term historical and econometric account of the way in which geography has shaped development in the Mexican states. The emphasis is placed on the way in which the natural geography is reinforced by political decisions, which configure the human geography of population density, urbanization and public good provision, which in turn determine income, growth and poverty. The paper presents brief historical instances of how geography has determined prospects for development at different moments in Mexican history. This anecdotal discussion seeks to highlight the intrinsic link of geography with political institutions, which is central to understanding the economic effects of geography. The paper then presents a descriptive statistical and geographical profile of the relationship between geography and development in Mexico. The paper argues that the main channel through which geography affects development is political. The fragmentation of political jurisdictions in the form of municipal governments constitutes a proxy for man-made barriers to geographic mobility, which explain the interaction between geography, politics and development.

Suggested Citation

Blum, Roberto and Cayeros, Alberto Díaz, Rentier States and Geography in Mexico's Development (March 2002). IDB Working Paper No. 155. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1814703 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1814703

Roberto Blum (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Alberto Díaz Cayeros

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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