Effects of Land Titling on Child Health

34 Pages Posted: 19 Apr 2011

See all articles by Sebastian Galiani

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Ernesto Schargrodsky

Universidad Torcuato Di Tella

Date Written: July 2004

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of land titling on child health. The empirical evaluation of the effect of property rights typically suffers from selection problems. The paper addresses the selection issue by exploiting a natural experiment in the allocation of land titles. Twenty years ago, a group of squatters occupied a piece of privately owned land in a suburban area of Buenos Aires, Argentina. When the provincial Congress passed an expropriation law transferring the land from the former owners to the squatters, some of the former owners surrendered the land (and received compensation), while others decided to sue in the slow Argentine courts. These different decisions by the former owners generated an allocation of property rights that is exogenous to the characteristics of the squatters. This paper takes advantage of this natural experiment to evaluate the effect of the allocation of urban land property rights on child health. The results show that children in the titled parcels enjoy better nutrition and lower teenage pregnancy rates than those in the untitled parcels.

Suggested Citation

Galiani, Sebastian and Schargrodsky, Ernesto, Effects of Land Titling on Child Health (July 2004). IDB Working Paper No. 194, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1814746 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1814746

Sebastian Galiani (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Ernesto Schargrodsky

Universidad Torcuato Di Tella ( email )

Minones 2159
1428 Buenos Aires, 1428
Argentina
+54 11 4784 0080 (Phone)
+54 11 4783 3220 (Fax)

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