Exploring Educational Mobility in Europe
XREAP Working Paper No. 2010-11
55 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2011
Date Written: October 1, 2010
This paper is concerned with the investigation of the intergenerational mobility of education in several European countries and its changes across birth cohorts (1940-1980) using a new mobility index that considers the total degree of mobility as the weighted sum of mobility with respect to both parents. Moreover, this mobility index enables the analysis of the role of family characteristics as mediating factors in the statistical association between individual and parental education. We find that Nordic countries display lower levels of educational persistence but that the degree of mobility increases over time only in those countries with low initial levels. Moreover, the results suggest that the degree of mobility with respect to fathers and mothers converges to the same level and that family characteristics account for an important part of the statistical association between parental education and children’s schooling; a particular finding is that the most important elements of family characteristics are the family’s socio-economic status and educational assortative mating of the parents.
Keywords: Educational Economics, Intergenerational Mobility, Europe, Birth Cohorts, Family
JEL Classification: J62, I21, I29, D13
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