The Accessibility City - When Transport Infrastructure Matters in Urban Spatial Structure

Document de Treball No. XREAP2010-1

43 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2011

See all articles by Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona; University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Date Written: February 1, 2010

Abstract

Suburbanization is changing the urban spatial structure and less monocentric metropolitan regions are becoming the new urban reality. Focused only on centers, most works have studied these spatial changes neglecting the role of transport infrastructure and its related location model, the “accessibility city”, in which employment and population concentrate in low-density settlements and close to transport infrastructure. For the case of Barcelona, we consider this location model and study the population spatial structure between 1991 and 2006. The results reveal a mix between polycentricity and the accessibility city, with movements away from the main centers, but close to the transport infrastructure.

Keywords: Urban Spatial Structure, Suburbanization, Decentralization, Transport Infrastructure, Location and Land Use Patterns

JEL Classification: R42

Suggested Citation

Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel, The Accessibility City - When Transport Infrastructure Matters in Urban Spatial Structure (February 1, 2010). Document de Treball No. XREAP2010-1. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1815144 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1815144

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

Barcelona

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