Fact in the World: The Referential Model of Fair Use
Journal of the Copyright Society of the USA, Forthcoming
68 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2011
Date Written: April 19, 2011
The principle of fair use in American copyright law has seen a shift over the last 50 years from a doctrine delineating the outer limits of non-infringing referential use of copyrighted material to a catch-all affirmative defense to prima facie copyright infringement. This has invited confusion over both the scope and the justifications of fair use. This article examines the history of fair use, argues that the original justifications for the doctrine are still relevant and categorizes the various flavors that "referential use" takes today.
Keywords: Fair Use, Copyright, Idea Expression Dichotomy, Sampling, Remix, Air Pirates, Jeff Koons, Shepherd Fairey, Girl Talk
JEL Classification: O34, K11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation