Bayesian Forecasting for Financial Risk Management, Pre and Post the Global Financial Crisis
Journal of Forecasting, Forthcoming
34 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2011 Last revised: 27 Jan 2015
Date Written: March 23, 2011
Value-at-Risk (VaR) forecasting via a computational Bayesian framework is considered. A range of parametric models are compared, including standard, threshold nonlinear and Markov switching GARCH specifications, plus standard and nonlinear stochastic volatility models, most considering four error probability distributions: Gaussian, Student-t, skewed-t and generalized error distribution. Adaptive Markov chain Monte Carlo methods are employed in estimation and forecasting. A portfolio of four Asia-Pacific stock markets is considered. Two forecasting periods are evaluated in light of the recent global financial crisis. Results reveal that: (i) GARCH models out-performed stochastic volatility models in almost all cases; (ii) asymmetric volatility models were clearly favoured pre-crisis; while at the 1% level during and post-crisis, for a 1 day horizon, models with skewed-t errors ranked best, while IGARCH models were favoured at the 5% level; (iii) all models forecasted VaR less accurately and anti-conservatively post-crisis.
Keywords: EGARCH Model, Generalized Error Distribution, Markov Chain Monte Carlo Method, Value-at-Risk, Skewed Student-t, Market Risk Charge, Global Financial Crisis
JEL Classification: C11, C22, C51, C52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation