The Role of Social Networks in the Economic Opportunities of Bolivian Women

39 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2011

See all articles by Dante Contreras

Dante Contreras

University of Chile - Department of Economics

Daniela Zapata

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics

Marcelo Ochoa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: October 2007

Abstract

This paper explores the role of social networks in determining the participation of Bolivian women in income-generating activities. The empirical analysis intends to explore the impact of this new social variable on the economic choices of women and its relative importance with respect to other individual characteristics, such as education or number of children in the household. The empirical framework defines social network as the average outcome of people living in the same neighborhood. Estimation results suggest that social networks are an effective channel through which women obtain access to salaried jobs, which are of higher quality than jobs as self-employers. In contrast, their male counterparts find a positive but statistically insignificant effect from social networks. When considering the sex of the contact, it is found that women in urban areas benefit from other women being employed, while in rural areas women benefit from the presence of more employed male workers.

Suggested Citation

Contreras, Dante and Zapata, Daniela and Ochoa, Marcelo and Kruger, Diana I., The Role of Social Networks in the Economic Opportunities of Bolivian Women (October 2007). IDB Working Paper No. 225. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1815906 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1815906

Dante Contreras (Contact Author)

University of Chile - Department of Economics ( email )

Diagonal Paraguay 257
Torre 26, Of. 1801
Santiago
Chile

Daniela Zapata

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics ( email )

Greensboro, NC 27402-6165
United States

Marcelo Ochoa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Diana I. Kruger

Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso ( email )

Avenida Brasil 2950
Casilla 4059, Valparaiso, 2362736
Chile
56-32-27-33-52 (Phone)
56-32-27-34-24 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucv.cl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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