New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America

75 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2011

See all articles by Juan Atal

Juan Atal

University of Pennsylvania

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Natalia Winder

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2009

Abstract

This paper surveys gender and ethnic wage gaps in 18 Latin American countries, decomposing differences using matching comparisons as a non-parametric alternative to the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition. It is found that men earn 9-27 percent more than women, with high cross-country heterogeneity. The unexplained pay gap is higher among older, informal and self-employed workers and those in small firms. Ethnic wage differences are greater than gender differences, and educational attainment differentials play an important role in explaining the gap. Higher ethnic wage gaps are found among males, singleincome generators of households and full-time workers, and in rural areas. An important share of the ethnic wage gap is due to the scarcity of minorities in highpaid positions.

Suggested Citation

Atal, Juan and Nopo, Hugo and Winder, Natalia, New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America (October 2009). IDB Working Paper No. 25. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1815933 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1815933

Juan Atal (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

Hugo Nopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Natalia Winder

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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