The Associations between Early Life Circumstances and Later Life Health and Employment in the Netherlands and Spain

39 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2011  

Manuel Flores

Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Adriaan Kalwij

Utrecht University

Date Written: April 15, 2011

Abstract

Using data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe, this paper provides empirical evidence for the Netherlands and Spain on the associations between individuals’ early life circumstances - measured by health and socioeconomic status (SES) during childhood - educational attainment, and later life health and employment (at ages 50-64). We find that for both men and women in the Netherlands and Spain, favorable early life circumstances (i.e., better childhood health and higher SES) are associated with a higher level of education, which is in turn associated with better health later in life. This latter is also linked to early life circumstances conditional on educational attainment. For men only, favorable early life circumstances are associated with a higher incidence of later life employment, primarily because of better later life health. Our findings thus suggest that policies aimed at improving children’s health and SES may have long-term benefits through increased individual educational attainment and later life health and employment.

Keywords: early life circumstances, health, employment

JEL Classification: D00, I10, J10, J20

Suggested Citation

Flores, Manuel and Kalwij, Adriaan, The Associations between Early Life Circumstances and Later Life Health and Employment in the Netherlands and Spain (April 15, 2011). Netspar Discussion Paper No. 04/2011-040. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1816454 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1816454

Manuel Flores

Universidade de Santiago de Compostela ( email )

Complejo Docente - Campus Universitario de Lugo
Lugo, A Coruña 15704
Spain

Adriaan Kalwij (Contact Author)

Utrecht University ( email )

Janskerkhof 12
Utrecht, 3512 BL
Netherlands

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