Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America

38 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2011

See all articles by Jere Behrman

Jere Behrman

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Alejandro Gaviria

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Miguel Székely

Center for Education and Social Studies

Date Written: June 2001

Abstract

High inequality has long been regarded as one of the main problems facing Latin American countries. To understand better the determinants of inequality and to help guide thinking about policy options, it is useful to know whether inequality mainly reflects low intergenerational mobility or whether it is driven by differences in individual characteristics that arise independently of family background. In this paper we use five household surveys with questions about parental socioeconomic characteristics for adults, and a set of 112 standard household surveys to examine the intergenerational transmission of schooling and occupational status in Latin America and the United States. We find that intergenerational mobility is much higher in the United States than in Latin America, that there are sizable differences in mobility within Latin America, and that mobility in Latin America is strongly associated with schooling levels and expenditures on education.

Suggested Citation

Behrman, Jere R. and Gaviria, Alejandro and Székely, Miguel, Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America (June 2001). IDB Working Paper No. 379, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1817249 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1817249

Jere R. Behrman (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science
133 South 36th Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297
United States
215-898-7704 (Phone)
215-573-2057 (Fax)

Alejandro Gaviria

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Miguel Székely

Center for Education and Social Studies ( email )

Mexico City
Mexico

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
127
Abstract Views
1,084
rank
251,568
PlumX Metrics