Social Sector Reform in Latin America and the Role of Unions

42 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2011

See all articles by Daniel Maceira

Daniel Maceira

Center for the Study of State and Society (CEDES)

Victoria Murillo

Yale University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: July 2001

Abstract

This paper analyzes the reaction of teachers' and doctors' unions to a series of social sector reforms in the region, including administrative decentralization, provider payment mechanisms, and the introduction of performance evaluation and private provision. It combines the literature of economics and political science to understand the conditions that shape different patterns of union behavior and their effect on policy implementation. The paper suggests that the main conditions influencing union behavior in the health sector are related to the structure of the market (size and level of competition) due to the predominance of the private-public mix in its employment. In education, where the public sector is the main employer, political alignments and the organizational features of teachers` associations also play an important role in explaining the behavior of providers' organizations. Considering the exogenous character of most of these variables, the paper concludes by making some policy suggestions to align the objectives of unions and policymakers through regulatory reforms.

Suggested Citation

Maceira, Daniel and Murillo, Maria Victoria, Social Sector Reform in Latin America and the Role of Unions (July 2001). IDB Working Paper No. 383, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1817254 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1817254

Daniel Maceira (Contact Author)

Center for the Study of State and Society (CEDES) ( email )

Sanchez de Bustamante 27
Buenos Aires, C1173AAA
Argentina
(54-11) 4861-2126 (Phone)
(54-11) 4865-1707 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cedes.org

Maria Victoria Murillo

Yale University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Box 208269
New Haven, DC 06520-8269
United States

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