Gender Earnings Gaps in the Caribbean: Evidence from Barbados and Jamaica

33 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2011

See all articles by Annelle Bellony

Annelle Bellony

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alejandro Hoyos

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Hugo Ñopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: August 2010

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender earnings gaps in Barbados and Jamaica, using a matching comparisons approach. In both countries, as in most of the Caribbean region, females’ educational achievement is higher than that of males. Nonetheless, males’ earnings surpass those of their female peers. Depending on the set of control characteristics, males’ earnings surpass those of females by between 14 and 27 percent of average females’ wages in Barbados, and between 8 and 17 percent of average females’ wages in Jamaica. In the former, the highest earnings gaps are found among low-income workers. Results from both countries confirm a finding that has been recurrent with this matching approach: the complete elimination of gender occupational segregation in labor markets would increase rather than reduce gender earnings gaps. The evidence is mixed regarding segregation by economic sectors. Occupational experience, in the case of Barbados, and job tenure, in the case of Jamaica, help to explain existing gender earnings gaps.

Suggested Citation

Bellony, Annelle and Hoyos, Alejandro and Nopo, Hugo, Gender Earnings Gaps in the Caribbean: Evidence from Barbados and Jamaica (August 2010). IDB Working Paper No. 71. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1818749 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1818749

Annelle Bellony

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Alejandro Hoyos (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

Hugo Nopo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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